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  Bata Drumming  
  Iyesa Music
  Cuban Rumba Music ,  
  Rumba Groups  
  Bata Drumming  
  Bata drums are a family of sacred, double-headed drums from the Yoruba culture in present-day Nigeria. Bata drumming arrived in Cuba during the slave trade and is now is played in the U.S. and elsewhere. 
Introductory basic overview article.
Yoruba Bata Drumming in Nigeria & Origins of Bata
History of African Ethnic Groups Brought to Cuba
Cuban Bata Drums
Aña (the Spirit of the Bata) and Initiation to Play Sacred Drums
Orishas and Santeria or Regla de Ocha
Ceremonies where bata drums are played

Bata drumming and Rumba are two of many styles of Afro-Cuban drumming. Some styles and rhythms include:


Bembe (various styles of bembe including Havana "Bakoso" & Matanzas styles, & "bembe viejo," for example) (Guiro (for agbes or shekeres)


Abakua - Carabali rhythms, music of the secret men's society from the Efik ethnic group, a subgroup of the Ibibio(Bricamo - ancestor of Abakua, from women's secret society/Son, chachacha, salsa rhythms (also guaracha, charanga, others)

  Various rhythms from the Arara ethnic groups (e.g. Afrekete, Asuhano, and Evioso)Iyesa (rhythms from the Ijesha, a Yoruba sub-group from southwestern Nigeria)Songo (modern, popular rhythm)  

Various rhythms from the Bantu ethnic groups (e.g. Palo, Yuka, Makuta, and Garabato)(Pilon)

  Iyesa Music  

The Afro-Cuban Religious Music and Tradition

  Cuban Rumba Music  
  "Rumba" is the word used for a group of related musical and dance styles in Cuba. (The word is also sometimes used to refer to a Latin-influenced ballroom dance style that is completely different than authentic Cuban rumba. Rumba can also refer to an African style of pop music developed recently with Latin influences.  

Rumba developed in rural Cuba, with strong influences from African drumming and Spanish poetry and singing.
There are three basic types of rumba in Cuba:

  • Yambu - a slower, simpler style where older people and others dance in a relaxed manner
  • Guaguanco - a moderate to fast style where the rhythm can be more complex and a couple dances in a flirtatious fashion. The man throws his arm or leg or pelvis in the direction of his partner, symbolically attempting to touch or sexually contact the woman. She entices him and then turns away when he reaches out. The Spanish word "vacunar" refers to this moment, and comes from the term for vaccination.
  • Columbia - the fastest style, played in more of a 6/8 time signature and danced by solo male dancers who perform acrobatic and daring moves to demonstrate their courage, strength, agility, and sense of humor.
  Rumba Groups  
  Los Muñequitos de Matanzas  
  Founded over forty years ago, Los Muñequitos de Matanzas are Cuba's most celebrated rumba group. Their folklore performances have recently electrified audiences throughout the US and Canada.  
  Grupo AfroCuba de Matanzas  
  Grupo AfroCuba is a legendary folkloric group from Matanzas, Cuba. They are known as the originators of "Bata Rumba," and famed for their mastery of the full spectrum of Afro-Cuban folkloric music and dance.  
  Rumba y Folklórico en Matanzas  

performances by Los Munequitos de Matanzas, Grupo AFROCUBA de Matanzas, Ojun Degara, and Columbia del Puerto en Cárdenas.


  Other Sites for Cuban Music
  MUSIC Cuba! ¡Cuba! One of the first websites about Cuba, featuring Cuban musicians pictures of Cuban people and places and links to other information about Cuba. ...  
  Links to Websites About Cuba  
  Miguel Angá Diaz, Grammy Award winning Cuban percussionist  
  Nydia "Liberty"Mata
Afro-Cuban Percussionist
  Steelina Productions -- Travel to Cuba to study Cuban music and dance with renowned percussionist Carol Steele  
  Instructional Books and Videos on Latin Music and Percussion  
  Afrocubaweb has information related to Cuban musicians and Cuba in general  
  Transcriptions of some Cuban, African, and other rhythms  
  Steelina Productions -- Travel to Cuba to study Cuban music and dance with renowned percussionist Carol Steele  
  Descarga Latin Music  
  Bata Drums  
  Babalawo Yoruba Cubano  
  Cuban Percussionist Miguel Anga Diaz
Percussionist Beverly Botsford -- from Durham, North Carolina
Percussionist Nydia "Liberty" Mata -- from New York City
  Official Daniel de los Reyes Site -- DrumJungle, a multi-cultural music event  
  La Tin Banda -- a latin-jazz quintet from Montevideo  
  Art & Music in the Carribbean
Unsung Cuban muisc.
  Bembe Records
Cuban Music -- Cuba es Musica
  New Yor-Uba -- Michele Rosewoman's Afro-Cuban ensemble integrates jazz with religious Afro-Cuban folkloric music/dance  
  Carlos Ramirez -- Guitarist  
  Edinburgh Latin/Hispanic Music and Dance Service